Blog Assignment: Evaluating and Identifying Online Resources

Blog Assignment: Evaluating and Identifying Online Resources
As an instructional designer, it is important to help students learn ways to stimulate their minds when faced with new challenges. In this week’s blog assignment, I located two websites that discussed problem-solving methods during the learning process. Problem-solving methods are one of most frequently used technique in the learning process. According to Mayer and Wittrock (as cited in Mayer, 2009), explained problem solving as a “cognitive processing directed at achieving a goal when no solution method is obvious to the problem solver” (para.5).
Problem Solving
In the online article Problem solving, it discussed two theories of problem solving. It discussed Gestalt Theory and Information Processing Theory. Gestalt theory is geared to teach students how to represent problems though insight. According to Richard Mayer (as cited in Mayer, 2009), “insight occurs when a problem solver moves from a state of not knowing how to solve a problem to knowing how to solve a problem. During insight, problem solvers devise a way of representing the problem that enables solution” (para.15).
The Information Processing Theory is the idea that a problem can be represented as a problem space and later be solved through strategies from one state of the problem to the next (Mayer, 2009). Information Processing Theory is geared to teach students strategies for solving problems.
Brain’s center of reasoning and problem solving is among the last to mature
In the online article Brain’s center of reasoning and problem solving is among the last to mature, it discussed that Cortex areas mature at different ages and both cognitive and functional developmental milestones can occur (Asher, 2004). The study examined multiple ages that proved that the brain center matures in later ages. According to Asher (2004), stated:
The new study found that the first areas to mature (e.g., extreme front and back of the brain) are those with the most basic functions, such as processing the senses and movement. Areas involved in spatial orientation and language (parietal lobes) follow. Areas with more advanced functions — integrating information from the senses, reasoning and other “executive” functions (prefrontal cortex) mature last. (para. 7)
I learned that the brain reasoning and problem solving abilities develops after years of contributing information. Problem solving has to be developed for it to reach its full potential and often occurs in the later years.
References:
Asher, J. (2004). Brain’s center of reasoning and problem solving is among the last to mature. Retrieved from http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/releases/8410.php
Mayer, R. (2009). Problem solving. Retrieved from http://www.education.com/reference/article/problem-solving1/

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